ABS is an extremely versatile thermoplastic polymer, which lends itself well to both injection molding and extrusion molding. Many consumer goods that see regular use and are molded today were manufactured using ABS plastic injection molding technique. To know more about the advantages of ABS plastic injection molding and other thermoplastics, this article provides a basic understanding of the material properties of ABS.
ABS or thermoplastic is a thermosetting plastic material with a thermo-rich structure. Thermoset means that the material is made up of a melt-away plastic material. The various thermoplastics and injection molds use ABS as an ingredient because of its ability to thermally expand once cooled down in the molds. Once cooled, the thermoplastic material will shrink to fit any mold application. Injection molding requires the use of materials with good compressive strength; the stronger the material, the faster the plastic material will be cooled.
Mold quality is directly related to both the amount of heat input and the speed of cooling. ABS plastic material can undergo either elongation or compression depending on the amount of heat input. With elongated mold designs, the plastic has a compressed shape and excellent mechanical properties. On the other hand, the ABS plastic injection molded process produces very small plastic parts with compressed shapes. This feature results in a cost-effective production process because the molds can be used for different product applications at consistent temperatures.
In the ABS injection molding process, the molds are heated to expand the plastics' melted emulsions. The heat can be controlled or manipulated depending upon the product application. The molds use a solenoid valve to send a varying amount of air pressure through the heated plastic. This air pressure also causes the melted plastic to roll down the mold's passageways. After the material passes through the mold, a collection bag will be collected and taken to a quality inspection facility where the molds are removed and inspected for defects and broken parts.
ABS injection molding presses use a continuous flow of Butadiene, which is a robust and viscous liquid. Butadiene can expand into numerous shapes, depending on the mold application being made. For example, it can be formed into hollow tubes, sheets, or beads. The materials can be melted together at very high temperatures using a solute to bind them together. Butadiene is known for its high melting point and is often mixed with plastic to create more robust, lighter-weight materials.
Plastic injection molding presses can be used in various applications, including cosmetic dentistry, automotive, military, aerospace, medical, hobbyist, and residential applications. Butadiene is available in different strengths and viscosities, which means it is available in various thicknesses. It is also available in different color ranges. With these qualities, butadiene can be used for many applications other than merely plastic injection molding. ABS injection molding is the traditional process for producing molded materials from plastic; butadiene is an alternative to this process with a higher quality product at a lower cost.
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